By Larry Laudan

With the decline of logical positivism after 1950, a lot paintings within the philosophy of technological know-how has careened towards an uncritical relativistic technique. Many students, confronted with a decision among a narrowly restrictive positivism and an “anything is going” relativism, have sought to discover a center direction within the debate.In this choice of papers, numerous of which look the following for the 1st time, Larry Laudan argues that resolving this trouble contains no longer a few centrist compromise place yet fairly a belief of clinical wisdom that is going past either positivism and relativism. This belief needs to start with the rejection of assumptions approximately wisdom that those it sounds as if hostile positions carry in universal. Relativism, for Laudan, is a very self-defeating kind of neopositivism.In displaying the connections among those methods and clarifying the positions of such influential philosophers as Thomas Kuhn and Paul Feyerabend, Laudan does the nice provider of laying the root for an account of technology that rejects the blunders of positivism with no supplying relief and luxury to the enemies of cause. He additionally takes a clean examine many different vital problems with medical philosophy, together with the science/non-science demarcation, the underdetermination of concept by way of proof, and the contested position of social components within the legitimation of clinical knowledge.Beyond Positivism and Relativism is a massive assertion in regards to the nature of technological know-how and proof that would command the curiosity of philosophers of technology, epistemologists, sociologists of information, and all who're heavily keen on technology, medical development, and the results for wisdom in lots of different fields.

Show description

Read or Download Beyond Positivism And Relativism: Theory, Method, And Evidence PDF

Best History Philosophy books

The Wellborn Science: Eugenics in Germany, France, Brazil, and Russia (Monographs on the History and Philosophy of Biology)

The 4 participants to this quantity study the eugenics routine in Germany, France, Brazil, and the Soviet Union, and describe how geneticists and physicians participated within the improvement of rules about the development of hereditary traits in people. They research the medical parts of these courses and speak about the involvement of social, spiritual, and political forces that considerably altered the unique medical ambitions.

Science vs. Religion: What Scientists Really Think

That the longstanding antagonism among technology and faith is irreconcilable has been taken with no consideration. And within the wake of modern controversies over instructing clever layout and the ethics of stem-cell examine, the divide turns out as unbridgeable as ever. In technology vs. faith, Elaine Howard Ecklund investigates this unexamined assumption within the first systematic research of what scientists truly imagine and think approximately faith.

The Man in the Monkeynut Coat: William Astbury and the Forgotten Road to the Double-Helix

Sir Isaac Newton as soon as declared that his momentous discoveries have been simply made due to having 'stood at the shoulders of giants'. a similar may additionally be stated of the scientists James Watson and Francis Crick. Their discovery of the constitution of DNA was once, surely, one of many largest clinical landmarks in historical past and, thank you principally to the luck of Watson's best-selling memoir 'The Double Helix', there may appear to be little new to assert approximately this tale.

Visual Cultures in Science and Technology: A Comparative History

This booklet bargains a wide, comparative survey of a booming box in the historical past of technology: the background, new release, use, and serve as of pictures in clinical perform. It explores each element of visuality in technology, arguing for the idea that of visible domain names. What makes a very good clinical picture? What cultural luggage is key to it?

Extra info for Beyond Positivism And Relativism: Theory, Method, And Evidence

Show sample text content

Rated 4.01 of 5 – based on 8 votes