Download E-books Networked Machinists: High-Technology Industries in Antebellum America (Johns Hopkins Studies in the History of Technology) PDF

By David R. Meyer

A century and a part ahead of the trendy info know-how revolution, machinists within the japanese usa created the nation's first excessive know-how industries. In iron foundries and steam-engine works, locomotive works, computer and gear retailers, textile-machinery companies, and firearms brands, those ingenious staff pioneered the perform of dispersing technological services via groups of perform.

In the 1st publication to check this phenomenon because the 1916 vintage, English and American instrument Builders, David R. Meyer examines the improvement of skilled-labor alternate platforms, exhibiting how person metalworking sectors grew and moved outward. He argues that the networked habit of machinists inside and throughout industries is helping clarify the fast transformation of metalworking industries in the course of the antebellum interval, construction a starting place for the subtle, mass production/consumer industries that figured so prominently within the later U.S. financial system.

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Download E-books Lectures on Vanishing Theorems (DMV Seminar) PDF

Advent M. Kodaira's vanishing theorem, asserting that the inverse of an plentiful invert­ ible sheaf on a projective complicated manifold X has no cohomology less than the size of X and its generalization, as a result of Y. Akizuki and S. Nakano, were confirmed initially via tools from differential geometry ([39J and [1]). whether, because of J.P. Serre's GAGA-theorems [56J and base swap for box extensions the algebraic analogue used to be bought for projective manifolds over a box ok of attribute p = zero, for a very long time no algebraic facts used to be identified and no generalization to p > zero, aside from convinced reduce dimensional manifolds. Worse, counterexamples as a result of M. Raynaud [52J confirmed that during attribute p > zero a few extra assumptions have been wanted. This was once the cutting-edge till P. Deligne and 1. Illusie [12J proved the degeneration of the Hodge to de Rham spectral series for projective manifolds X outlined over a box ok of attribute p > zero and liftable to the second one Witt vectors W2(k). average degeneration arguments enable to infer the degeneration of the Hodge to de Rham spectral series in attribute 0, to boot, a re­ sult which back might basically be bought by means of analytic and differential geometric tools previously. As a corollary in their tools M. Raynaud (loc. cit.) gave a simple evidence of Kodaira vanishing in all features, only if X lifts to W2(k).

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Download E-books A Mathematical Prelude to the Philosophy of Mathematics PDF

By Stephen Pollard

This publication is predicated on premises: one can't comprehend philosophy of arithmetic with out figuring out arithmetic and one can't comprehend arithmetic without doing arithmetic. It attracts readers into philosophy of arithmetic via having them do arithmetic. It deals 298 workouts, protecting philosophically vital fabric, provided in a philosophically proficient approach. The workouts supply readers possibilities to recreate a few arithmetic that may light up vital readings in philosophy of mathematics. themes contain primitive recursive mathematics, Peano mathematics, Gödel's theorems, interpretability, the hierarchy of units, Frege mathematics and intuitionist sentential common sense. The publication is meant for readers who comprehend simple houses of the ordinary and real numbers and feature a few heritage in formal logic.

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Download E-books Protogaea PDF

Protogaea, an bold account of terrestrial historical past, was once valuable to the advance of the earth sciences within the eighteenth century and offers key philosophical insights into the cohesion of Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz’s idea and writings. within the booklet, Leibniz deals observations concerning the formation of the earth, the activities of fireplace and water, the genesis of rocks and minerals, the origins of salts and is derived, the formation of fossils, and their id because the is still of residing organisms. Protogaea also incorporates a sequence of engraved plates depicting the is still of animals—in specific the recognized reconstruction of a “fossil unicorn”—together with a pass portion of the collapse which a few fossil items have been discovered.
Though the works of Leibniz were largely translated, Protogaea has languished in its unique Latin for hundreds of years. Now Claudine Cohen and Andre Wakefield supply the 1st English translation of this significant textual content in ordinary philosophy and common background. Written among 1691 and 1693, and primary released after Leibniz’s loss of life in 1749, Protogaea reemerges during this bilingual version with an creation that conscientiously situates the paintings inside of its ancient context.

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Download E-books A Century of Nature: Twenty-One Discoveries that Changed Science and the World PDF

By Laura Garwin, Tim Lincoln

Many of the medical breakthroughs of the 20 th century have been first mentioned within the magazine Nature. A Century of Nature brings jointly in a single quantity Nature's maximum hits—reproductions of seminal contributions that modified technological know-how and the realm, followed through essays written by way of prime scientists (including 4 Nobel laureates) that offer historic context for every article, clarify its insights in swish, available prose, and have a good time the serendipity of discovery and the rewards of attempting to find needles in haystacks.

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Download E-books Transportation Networks: Recent Methodological Advances PDF

Hardbound. This quantity contains twenty papers initially offered on the 4th assembly of the EURO (Association of ecu Operational study Societies) held in Newcastle. subject matters lined on the convention integrated: site visitors project; estimation of origin-destination flows; site visitors modelling; site visitors administration and keep an eye on; shipping community research and layout; transportation making plans equipment; routing and scheduling; and ITS applications.Bringing jointly lecturers, experts and civil servants with a shared curiosity within the software of Operational examine suggestions for fixing shipping difficulties, this assortment addresses key contemporary advancements within the idea and functions of transportation technology, quite these in response to OR tools resembling optimisation, mathematical programming, stimulation, and synthetic intelligence.

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Download E-books The Sciences of the Soul: The Early Modern Origins of Psychology PDF

By Fernando Vidal

The Sciences of the Soul is the 1st try to clarify the improvement of the disciplinary belief of psychology from its visual appeal within the overdue 16th century to its redefinition on the finish of the 17th and its emergence as an institutionalized box within the eighteenth. Fernando Vidal strains this improvement via collage classes and textbooks, encyclopedias, and nonacademic books, in addition to via a variety of histories of psychology.
           
Vidal finds that psychology existed earlier than the eighteenth century primarily as a “physics of the soul,” and it belonged as a lot to typical philosophy as to Christian anthropology. It remained so until eventually the eighteenth century, whilst the “science of the soul” turned the “science of the mind.” Vidal demonstrates that this Enlightenment refashioning happened inside a Christian framework, and he explores how the upkeep of the Christian suggestion of the soul used to be necessary to the improvement of the technological know-how. not just have been so much psychologists confident that an empirical technology of the soul was once appropriate with Christian religion; their conception that psychology preserved the soul additionally helped to raise its rank as an empirical technology. Broad-ranging and impeccably researched, this ebook can be of broad value within the background and philosophy of psychology, the background of the human sciences extra normally, and within the social and highbrow historical past of eighteenth-century Europe.

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Download E-books Snooze: The Lost Art of Sleep PDF

By Michael McGirr

A profound exploration of the valuable source of sleep―and of the motives and outcomes of having too little of it.

Michael McGirr constantly had hassle napping. the arriving of child twins, in spite of the fact that, made him discover that he’d by no means prior to identified actual exhaustion. And whereas he celebrated those young children who introduced him a lot pleasure and tiredness, he stumbled on himself on a determined and bone-weary trip looking for quite a few additional winks an evening. It used to be an experience that will train him extra approximately what precisely sleep is, why we'd like it, and what it capacity after we don’t get adequate of it.

In Snooze, McGirr delves into the mysterious global of sleep, together with its many advantages, its obdurate elusiveness, and precisely what our brains relatively wake up to whereas we’re in mattress. He bargains readers a travel during the atypical sleep styles of a few of history's maximum minds, together with Aristotle, Homer, Shakespeare, Florence Nightingale, Thomas Edison, and extra. He seems, too, on the dying of sleep in our more and more fragmented glossy world―and examines what that suggests for everybody from the common Joe within the place of work to these with critical sleep disorders.

the result's either pleasing and enlightening―the excellent e-book for these sleepless nights.

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Download E-books Monad to Man: The Concept of Progress in Evolutionary Biology PDF

By Michael Ruse

The inspiration of evolution: it fascinates a few of us, disturbs others, and leaves just a only a few humans detached. In an incredible new interpretation of evolutionary conception, Michael Ruse pinpoints the typical resource of this allure and soreness. A well known author on evolutionary thought and its historical past, Ruse has lengthy been delicate to the truth that many people--and no longer easily non secular enthusiasts--find anything deeply troubling approximately a lot of what passes for technology in evolutionary circles. What motives this stress, he reveals in his seek of evolutionism's 250-year heritage, is the intimate courting among evolution and the secular ideology of progress.

Ubiquitous in Darwin's time, the assumption of an unceasing development in lifestyles insinuated its means into evolutionary conception from the 1st. In interviews with cutting-edge significant figures in evolutionary biology--including Stephen Jay Gould, Edward O. Wilson, Ernst Mayr, and John Maynard Smith--and in an intimate examine the discoveries and advances within the background and philosophy of technological know-how, Ruse unearths this trust simply as established today--however it'd be denied or obscured. His ebook strains the fragile line among those that argue that technology is and needs to be target and people who deem technological know-how a "social building" within the type of faith or the remainder of tradition. It deals an unprecedented account of evolutionary conception, from renowned books to museums to the main complicated theorizing, at a time whilst its prestige as technological know-how is below better scrutiny than ever before.

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Download E-books The Scientific Imagination: Case Studies PDF

New clinical principles are subjected to an intensive strategy of overview and validation via the clinical group. until eventually the early Nineteen Eighties, this strategy of validation was once regarded as ruled via target standards, while the method wherein person scientists gave start to new clinical rules was once considered as inaccessible to rational examine. during this publication Gerald Holton takes an opposing view, illuminating the ways that the mind's eye of the scientist services early within the formation of a brand new perception or idea. In yes the most important cases, a scientist adopts an specific or implicit presupposition, or thema, that courses his paintings to good fortune or failure and is helping be certain no matter if the hot thought will draw acclaim or controversy. utilizing firsthand bills gleaned from notebooks, interviews, and correspondence of such twentieth-century scientists as Einstein, Fermi, and Millikan, Holton exhibits how the belief of the clinical mind's eye has sensible implications for the background and philosophy of technological know-how and the bigger knowing of where of technology in our tradition. the hot advent, "How a systematic Discovery Is Made: The Case of High-Temperature Superconductivity," finds the clinical mind's eye at paintings in present technology, by way of disclosing the position of non-public motivations which are frequently hidden from medical courses, and the teachings of the case for technology coverage at the present time.

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