By Stephen Turnbull

The unique compelled conversion of pagan Livonia, what's now the Baltic states of Latvia and Estonia, was once performed through an army order often called the Brethren of the Sword. In 1236 this order was once included into the Teutonic Knights following a catastrophic army defeat. The knights had regularly consolidated their conquests via networks of castles and fortified locations, and the Livonian bankruptcy of the Teutonic Order outfitted castles of stone. This name covers the developmental and operational historical past of those fortresses over the size of the center a while. It information how the Baltic fortifications of the Teutonic Knights advanced to mirror the altering nature of siege battle and the expanding dominance of gunpowder in conflict.

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