By Laurel E. Fletcher
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Additional resources for The Guantánamo Effect: Exposing the Consequences of U.S. Detention and Interrogation Practices
And to withdraw from any surroundings or motion which he/she feels is beside the point. ”44 On December 17, 2002, Naval felony Investigative carrier (NCIS) group of workers with the CITF knowledgeable the navy’s normal tips, Alberto J. Mora, that detainees have been being subjected to “physical abuse and degrading remedy” at Guantánamo and in Afghanistan. forty five 3 days later, Mora approached the security Department’s basic assistance, William Haynes, to precise matters approximately Rumsfeld’s December 2 directive. Mora warned Haynes that interrogation equipment licensed by way of Rumsfeld to be used at Guantánamo “could upward push to the extent of torture,” and “expressed shock that the Secretary have been allowed to signal it. ”46 On January 15, 2003, Rumsfeld withdrew the December 2 directive47 and validated a operating staff to appear into the improvement of recent interrogation innovations. On April four, 2003, the crowd submitted its document, comparing and providing thirty-ﬁve interrogation equipment. forty eight weeks later, on April sixteen, Rumsfeld, depending principally at the felony “The New Paradigm” / eleven reasoning within the Bybee-Yoo memo of August 2002, issued a brand new directive endorsing twenty-four of the thirty-ﬁve, together with environmental manipulation, sleep adjustment, and prolonged isolation. forty nine govt investigations of abuse lately, numerous U. S. departments and companies have investigated studies of detainee abuse in U. S. detention amenities in Afghanistan, Iraq, Guantánamo, and different destinations. as well as felony investigations, the dep. of protection has carried out numerous significant experiences of detainee interrogations. 50 A 2004 Pentagon assessment of 187 DOD investigations came across that seventy one (38%) had led to a ﬁnding of substantiated detainee abuse, together with six circumstances regarding detainee deaths. fifty one one other assessment in 2005 concluded that abuses did ensue at Guantánamo, however the military box handbook on interrogations licensed almost all these activities, regardless of their offensiveness. fifty two extra lately, in may well 2008, the Ofﬁce of the Inspector basic of the dept of Justice issued a 437-page record entitled overview of the FBI’s Involvement in and Observations of Detainee Interrogations in Guantánamo Bay, Afghanistan, and Iraq (OIG/DOJ Report). fifty three DOJ investigators had interviewed or surveyed 450 FBI staff who have been special to Guantánamo at a variety of occasions. nearly 240 of the brokers acknowledged “they by no means saw nor heard approximately in all likelihood abusive therapy of detainees at GITMO. ” Over 2 hundred brokers, despite the fact that, acknowledged “they saw or heard approximately numerous tough or competitive therapy of detainees, essentially through army interrogators. the main usually mentioned concepts integrated sleep deprivation or disruption, lengthy shackling, rigidity positions, isolation, and use of vivid lighting fixtures or loud song. ”54 in line with the OIG/DOJ file, the FBI “decided in the summertime of 2002 that it should now not perform joint interrogations of detainees with different enterprises within which ideas now not allowed through the FBI have been used.